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过压、欠压、过热、过流故障原因及处理

作者:油浸式变压器厂  发布日期:2019-04-30  

XIANDAISHEHUI,GEXINGYEDOUTICHANGJIENENG,YINHEDIANJIZUCHENGDEDIAOSUXITONGJUYOUDEYOULIANGDEDIAOSUXINGNENG,KEYIDADAJIANGDINENGYUANDEXIAOHAO。YINCI,DEANQUANYUNXINGJIUCHENGWEILEHENGUANJIANDEHUANJIE,ZHANGWOYIXIEGUZHANGCHANSHENGYUANYINYIJIPAICHUGUZHANGFANGMIANDEZHISHI,NENGGOUDIYISHIJIANCHAJUEDAODEYUNXINGZHUANGKUANG,SHIFEICHANGBIYAODE。

1 YINYAN

YINHEDIANJIZUCHENGDEDIAOSUXITONGJUYOUDEYOULIANGDEDIAOSUXINGNENG,ZAIQIYINGYONGFANWEIBUDUANKUOZHANDETONGSHI,YEHUISHIWOMENZAIGONGZUOZHONGYUDAOGEZHONGYUANYINZAOCHENGDEGUZHANG,DAOZHISHENGCHANTINGGONG,ZHIJIEZAOCHENGDANWEISUNSHI,YINCI,WOMENYAOBUDUANDITONGGUOJILEIJINGYANLAITIGAOCHULIGUZHANGDENENGLI,TIGAOSHEBEILIYONGLV,CONGERTIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLV。BENWENJIUWOZAIGONGSI2800mmREYASHENGCHANXIANSHEBEIDIAOSHIJIYUNXINGYINIANGUOCHENGZHONGYUDAOHEXUEXIDAODEJIZHONGCHANGJIANGUOYA QIANYA GUORE GUOLIUGUZHANGJINXINGJIANDANGUINAYUFENXI。

2GUODIANYA(OU)GUZHANGYUANYINFENXIJIDUICE

2.1 GUODIANYADEWEIHAI

GUODIANYAZHUYAOSHIZHIQIZHONGJIANHUILUGUODIANYA,ZHONGJIANHUILUGUODIANYAZHUYAOWEIHAIZAIYU:

(1) YINQIDIANDONGJICILUBAOHE。DUIYUDIANDONGJILAISHUO,DIANYAZHUGUOGAOBIRANSHIDIANJITIEXINCITONGZENGJIA,KENENGDAOZHICILUBAOHE,LICIDIANLIUGUODA,CONGMIANYINQIDIANJIWENSHENGGUOGAO;

(2) SUNHAIDIANDONGJIJUEYUAN。ZHONGJIANHUILUDIANYASHENGGAOHOU,DIANYADEMAICHONGFUDUGUODA,DUIDIANJIJUEYUANSHOUMINGYOUHENDADEYINGXIANG;

(3) DUIZHONGJIANHUILULVBODIANRONGQISHOUMINGYOUZHIJIEYINGXIANG,YANZHONGSHIHUIYINQIDIANRONGQIBAOLIE。YINERCHANGJIAYIBANJIANGZHONGJIANHUILUGUODIANYAZHIXIANDINGZAIDC800VZUOYOU,YIDANQIDIANYACHAOGUOXIANDINGZHI,JIANGANXIANDINGYAOQIUTIAOZHABAOHU。

2.2 GUODIANYADEYUANYIN

YIBANNENGYINQIZHONGJIANHUILUGUODIANYADEYUANYINZHUYAOLAIZIYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIAN:

(1) LAIZIDIANYUANCEDEGUODIANYA  

ZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIADEDIANYUANDIANYAWEI380V,YUNXUWUCHAWEI-5%~+10%,JINGSANXIANGQIAOSHIQUANBOZHENGLIUHOUZHONGJIANDEFENGZHIWEI591V,YIBANDIANYUANDIANYABUHUISHIYINGUODIANYATIAOZHA。DIANYUANCEDEGUODIANYAZHUYAOSHIZHIDIANYUANCEDECHONGJIGUODIANYA,RULEIDIANYINQIDEGUODIANYA、BUCHANGDIANRONGZAIHEZHAHUODUANKAISHIXINGCHENGDEGUODIANYADENG,ZHUYAOTEDIANSHIDIANYABIANHUALVdv/dtHEFUZHIDOUHENDA。

(2) HUOJIANSUSHIJIANGUODUANHUOGANSHIBIANYAQISUNHUAI。

DANGTUODONGDAGUANXINGFUZAISHI,QIJIANSUSHIJIANSHEDINGDEBIJIAOXIAO,ZAIJIANSUGUOCHENGZHONG,PINLVXIAJIANGDESUDUBIJIAOKUAI,ERFUZAIGUANXINGBIJIAODA,KAOBENSHENZULIJIANSUBIJIAOMAN,SHIFUZAITUODONGDIANDONGJIDEZHUANSUBIDEPINLVSUODUIYINGDEZHUANSUHAIYAOGAO,DIANDONGJICHUYUFADIANZHUANGTAI,http://shihezi.cpkoatings.com/CONGFUZAICEXIANGZHONGJIANHUILUHUIKUINENGLIANG,DUANSHIJIANNEINENGLIANGDEJIZHONGHUIKUI,KENENGHUIZHONGJIANHUILUJIQINENGLIANGCHULIDANYUANDECHENGSHOUNENGLIYINFAGUODIANYAGUZHANG。RUOMEIYOUNENGLIANGCHULIDANYUANHUOQIZUOYONGYOUXIAN,YINERDAOZHIZHONGJIANHUILUDIANYASHENGGAO,CHAOCHUBAOHUZHI,JIUHUICHUXIANGUODIANYATIAOZHAGUZHANG。

SHILI:WOCHANGZAIXIANCHANGDIAOSHIGUOCHENGZHONGYOUYIZUGUNDAODIANJIDECHUXIANSUDUFANKUIZHIDAYUSUDUSHEDINGZHI,JINGZIXIGUANCHAFAXIAN:

a) ZAIYAGANGGUOCHENGZHONGBUCUNZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,DANGGANGLIKAIGUNDAOHOU,CAICHUXIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG;

b) DANGSUDUFANKUIZHIDAYUSUDUSHEDINGZHISHI,HUILUDIANYAWEIEDINGDIANYADE125%,CHAOGUO115%DEJIXIANSHEDINGZHI;

c) DEJINXIANDIANYAYICHAOGUOSHANGXIAN;

ZAIYAGANGGUOCHENGZHONG,GAIKONGZHIDEGUNDAODIANJIJIANGSHENGSU,DANGGANGLIKAIGUNDAOHOUGUNDAODIANJISUDUJIANGZHIYUANLAIDESUDU,RUOZHEITAIWEIZHUANGSHEZHUANGZHI,YINJINXIANDIANYAGUOGAO,HUILUDIANYACHAOGUOLESHEDINGDEJIXIANZHI,BAOGUOYAGUZHANG。

2.3 GUODIANYADECHULIDUICE

(1) ZAIDIANYUANCEZENGJIAXISHOUZHUANGZHI,JIANSHAOGUODIANYAYINSU

DUIYUDIANYUANCEYOUCHONGJIGUODIANYA、LEIDIANYINQIDEGUODIANYA、BUCHANGDIANRONGZAIHEZHAHUODUANKAISHIXINGCHENGDEGUODIANYAKENENGFASHENGDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEYICAIYONGZAICEBINGLIANLANGYONGXISHOUZHUANGZHIHUOCHUANLIANDIANKANGQIDENGFANGFAJIAYIJIEJUE。GUANYUZHEIYIDIAN,WOCHANGSHEBEIZAISHEJISHIJIUKAOLVDAOZAICEZHUANGYOUJINXIANDIANKANGQI,ZENGQIANGKANGDIANYABIANHUADENENGLI。

(2) ZAICEZENGJIANIBIANDIANLUDEFANGFA

CHULIZHONGJIANHUILUNENGLIANG******DEFANGFAJIUSHIZAICEZENGJIANIBIANDIANLU,KEYIJIANGDUOYUDENENGLIANGHUIKUIJIDIANWANG。GUANYUZHEIYIDIAN,WOCHANGZAISHEBEISHEBEIXUANXINGSHIJIUKAOLVDAIYOUHUIKUIZHUANGZHI。

(3) CONGYISHEDINGDECANSHUZHONGXUNZHAOJIEJUEBANFA

ZAIMANZUKONGZHIYAOQIUDETIAOJIANXIA,SHIDANGZENGJIAHUOYANZHANGSHIJIANHUOJIANSUSHIJIAN(YOUQIZHENDUIDAGUANXINGFUZAIDETINGJIXUKAOLV)。

ZAIGONGYILIUCHENGZHONGRUBUXIANDINGFUZAIJIANSUSHIJIANSHI,JIANSUSHIJIANCANSHUDESHEDINGBUYAOTAIDUAN,ERSHIDEFUZAIDONGNENGSHIFANGDETAIKUAI,GAICANSHUDESHEDINGYAOYIBUYINQIZHONGJIANHUILUGUODIANYAWEIXIAN,TEBIEYAOZHUYIFUZAIGUANXINGJIAODASHIGAICANSHUDESHEDING。RUGUOGONGYILIUCHENGDUIFUZAIJIANSUSHIJIANYOUXIANZHI,ERZAIXIANDINGSHIJIANNEICHUXIANGUODIANYATIAOZHAXIANXIANG,JIUYAOSHEDINGSHISUZIZHENGDINGGONGNENG。

3QIANDIANYA(Uu)GUZHANGYUANYINFENXIJIDUICE

3.1 DIANYUANQUEXIANG

YUANYIN:DANGDIANYUANQUEXIANGHOU,SANXIANGZHENGLIUBIANCHENGERXIANGZHENGLIU,ZAIDAISHANGFUZAIHOU,ZHISHIZHENGLIUHOUDEDCDIANYAPIANDI,ZAOCHENGQIANYAGUZHANG[4]。

DUICE:JIANCHADIANYUANDEKONGKAIHUOJIECHUQICHUDIANSHIFOUJIECHULIANGHAO,CHUDIANGANSHIBIANYAQISHIFOUTAIDA,DIANYASHIFOUZHENGCHANGDENG。

3.2 TONGSHIGONGZUOHUOTONGSHIQIDONGDEGUODUO

YUANYIN:DANGDUOTAITONGSHIQIDONGHUOGONGZUOSHI,HUIZAOCHENGDIANWANGDIANYACHUXIANDUANZANDEXIAJIANG,DANGDIANYAXIAJIANGCHIXUSHIJIANCHAOGUOYUNXUDESHIJIAN(YIBANDOUYOUYIGEYUNXUYAJIANGDE***DUANSHIJIAN)SHI,JIUHUIZAOCHENGDEQIANYAGUZHANG[5]。

DUICE:JINLIANGJIANSHAOTONGSHIQIDONGHUOGONGZUODEDETAISHU,CEJIAZHUANGACDIANKANGQI,SHIZAIBUXINGJIUZENGJIAGONGDIANBIANYAQIDERONGLIANG。

4GUORE(OH)GUZHANGYUANYINFENXIJIDUICE

4.1ZHOUWEIHUANJINGWENDUGUOGAO

YUANYIN:NEIBUSHIYOUWUSHUGEDIANZIQIJIANGOUCHENGDE,QIGONGZUOSHIHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDERELIANG,YOUQISHIIGBTGONGZUOZAIGAOPINZHUANGTAIXIA,CHANSHENGDERELIANGHUIGENGDUO。RUGUOHUANJINGWENDUGUOGAO,YEHUIDAOZHINEIBUYUANQIJIANWENDUGUOGAO,WEIBAOHUNEIBUDIANLU,CISHIHUIBAOWENDUGAOGUZHANGBINGTINGJI。

DUICE:JIANGDISUOZAICHANGSUODEWENDU,RUKEYIJIAZHUANGKONGDIAOHUOFENGSHANDENGQIANGZHIZHILENGCUOSHI。

4.2 TONGFENGBULIANG

YUANYIN:RUBENSHENDEFENGDAODUSAIHUOKONGZHIJUDEFENGDAOBEIZUSAISHI,HUIYINGXIANGNEIBUDESANRE,DAOZHIGUOREBAOJING。

DUICE:DINGQIJIANXIU,QINGCHUQIFENGDAODELAJI,SHUNCHANGFENGDAO。

4.3 FENGSHANKAZUHUOSUNHUAI

YUANYIN:FENGSHANHUAISHI,DALIANGDERELIANGJIJUZAINEIBUSANBUCHUQU。

DUICE:GENGHUANFENGSHAN。

4.4 FUZAIGUOZHONG

YUANYIN:DANGSUODAIFUZAIGUOZHONG(XIAOMALADACHE)SHI,HUICHANSHENGGUODADEDIANLIU,CHANSHENGDALIANGDERELIANG,YOUSHIYEHUIGUOREBAOJING。

DUICE:JIANXIAOFUZAIHUOZENGJIADERONGLIANG(YIBANSHEBEIXUANXINGSHIDOUHUIKAOLVRONGLIANGWEIFUZAIGONGLVDE1.8BEI)。

5GUOLIU(OC)GUZHANGYUANYINFENXIJIDUICE

5.1GUODIANLIUDEXIANXIANG

(1) ZHONGXINQIDONGSHI,YISHENGSUJIUTIAOZHA,ZHEISHIGUODIANLIUSHIFENYANZHONGDEXIANXIANG。ZHUYAOYUANYINYOU:FUZAIDUANLU,JIXIEBUWEIYOUKAZHU;NIBIANMOKUAISUNHUAI;DIANDONGJIDEZHUANJUGUOXIAODENGXIANXIANGYINQI。

(2) SHANGDIANJIUTIAO,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGYIBANBUNENGFUWEI,ZHUYAOYUANYINYOU:MOKUAIHUAI、QUDONGDIANLUHUAI、DIANLIUJIANCEDIANLUHUAI。

(3) ZHONGXINQIDONGSHIBINGBULIJITIAOZHAERSHIZAIJIASUSHI,ZHUYAOYUANYINYOU:JIASUSHIJIANSHEZHITAIDUAN、DIANLIUSHANGXIANSHEZHITAIXIAO、ZHUANJUBUCHANG(V/F)SHEDINGJIAOGAO。

5.2GUODIANLIUDEYUANYINJICHULIDUICE

(1) DUANLU

YUANYIN:CHANGCHANGSHIYOUYUFUZAIDUANLUERYINQIDE,***CHANGJIANDEJIUSHIDIANJIDUANLU(DIANJIZHENDONGYINQIJIEXIANSONGDONGDUANJIEERZAOCHENGDUANLU)。

DUICE:WOMENZAIPINGSHISHENGCHANQIJIAN,XIANCHANGDOUSHEYOUJIXIE、DIANQIXUNJIANRENYUAN,DINGQIJIANXIUQIJIAN,DUIGEJIXIE、DIANQISHEBEIJINXINGQINGSAOHEJINGULUOSI。

(2) JIXIEBUWEIYOUKAZHUHUOYAGANGXIANCHANGSHICHANGHUICHUXIAN“KAGANG”XIANXIANG。CISHIFUZAITURANZENGDASHI,DIANLIUYEHUISUIZHIZENGDA,DANGDIANLIUCHAOGUOSHEDINGDEGUODIANLIUZHISHI,WEIBAOHUNEIBUQIJIAN,HUIBAO“GUODIANLIU”GUZHANGTIAOZHA。

CHANGJIANYUANYIN:CHUANDONGZHUANGZHISUNHUAI;GONGYISHEDINGBUHELIBANPIGUOKUAN,BANXINGBUHAO。

DUICE:JINGCHANGXUNJIANJIXIEZHUANGZHI,GAISHANGONGYI,TIGAOCAOZUOGONGCAOZUOSHUIPING。

(3) CHUANDONGJIGOUDEJIXIEGUANXINGGUODA,DIANJIDERONGLIANGXIANGDUIPIANXIAO

YUANYIN:DANGCHUANDONGJIXIEGUANXINGDASHI,DIANJIRONGLIANGYOUPIANXIAO,HUI(YOUQIZAIGANGKAISHIQIDONGSHI)CHUXIAN“XIAOMALADACHE”DEXIANXIANG,ZAOCHENGDIANJIDIANLIUPIANDA,DAOZHIGUOLIUTIAOZHA。

DUICE:DUIYUDAGUANXINGFUZAI,ZAIBAOZHENGDIANJIHEFUZAIPIPEIDEQIANTIXIA,KESHIDANGTIGAODISUQIDONGSHIDEDIANYATISHENG,YANZHANGDEJIASUSHIJIANDENGFANGFALAIFANGZHIGUOLIUGUZHANGDEFASHENG。

(4) QIDONGJIASUSHIJIANSHEDINGTAIDUAN;V/FTEXINGDIANYATISHENGSHEDINGTAIDA。

YUANYIN:QIDONGJIASUSHIJIANSHEDINGTAIDUANPINLVDEBIANHUAYUANYUANCHAOGUODIANJIZHUANSUDEBIANHUA(SHISU);V/FDIANYATISHENGTAIDA,PINLVYIJINGBIJIAOGAOLE,ERDIANJIZHUANSUHAIBIJIAODI(JIDIANJIZHUANSUDEBIANHUAZHIHOUYUPINLVDEBIANHUA),YEHUIZAOCHENGSHISUGUZHANG。ZHEIZHONG“SHISU”JIUHUIDAOZHIGUOLIUGUZHANG。

DUICE:YANZHANGDEJIASUSHIJIANSHEDING;LINGWAI,DISUDIANYATISHENGYAOYEYAOZAISHIJIZHONGFANFUSHIYAN,BUYAOSHEZHITAIDA,FOUZEHUIDAOZHIYIQIDONGJIUFASHENGGUOLIUGUZHANG。

ZAIDECHANGJIANGUZHANGZHONG,YOUQIWAIWEIDIANLUYINQIDEGUZHANGSUOZHANBILIJIAODA,ZAIRICHANGWEIHUSHI,YINGZHUYIJIANCHADIANWANGDIANYA,GAISHAN、DIANJIJIXIANLUDEZHOUBIANHUANJING,DINGQIQINGCHUNEIBUHUICHEN,TONGGUOJIAQIANGSHEBEIGUANLI******XIANDUDIJIANGDIDEGUZHANGLV。

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